Diabetes – It’s Effects On Eyes

According to the US National Institute of Health (NIH), one of the most leading causes of blindness among working age Americans is Diabetic Retinopathy, a vision threatening disorder to the retina of the eye caused by Diabetes. In many cases, it can be prevented with regular eye exams and appropriate treatment. Unfortunately, the current scenario reveals that more than 5 million Americans today, aged 40 years and older, have diabetes and are automatically becoming prone to various eye complications that come along with Diabetes. This number is expected to grow to about 15 million by 2025, as mentioned by U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) which is shocking as well as scary.

The Eye Complications that follow with Diabetes:

  • Both Diabetes and Obesity are steadily rising in various countries and according to the data gathered by WHO, about 10% of the US population has been affected by Diabetes, that has brought along various other medical complications such as eye disorders.
  • Diabetic patients have complained that as the condition grew stronger, they started developing blurred vision which has been caused by high sugar levels. The medical reason behind this is that high blood sugar in diabetic patients can cause the lens of the eyes to swell, which deteriorates your ability to see clearly.
  • The three major eye problems faced by a Diabetic patient are Cataract, Glaucoma and Retinopathy. The people most vulnerable to diabetic retinopathy include elderly and certain minorities as they do not receive the appropriate eye care because of lack of health insurance or access to good physicians.

Diabetic Retinopathy – Treatment

  • You are less likely to develop Retinopathy if your blood sugar level is controlled well Treatment of Diabetes involves maintaining a healthy balanced diet as well reaching the optimum Body Mass Index with regular exercise of moderate to high level followed with meditation.
  • Your blood pressure and cholesterol levels are must to be monitored and controlled by your physicians.
  • According to some studies, smoking also makes retinopathy worse. So one is advised to stop smoking if possible
  • Laser treatment is commonly used by doctors and physicians if one is infected with new vessels growing or if any type of retinopathy is affecting the retina of the diabetic patient. A laser focused on the retina burns the vessels and stops new vessels from growing further. No need to worry. These burns are so harmless, tiny and precise that they can treat even the slightest of abnormality in eye and cause the regularity to correct without causing any discomfort. Several burns, even in hundreds, may be needed to treat retinopathy.

Author Bio:

Janet Caine is a prolific blogger, living in UK.  She writes for a leading health magazine and gives biotrust low carb review. Making people understand the value of leading a healthy and stress free life is her moto.